Klaus von Klitzing is a German physicist known for discovery of the integer quantum Hall Effect, for which he was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Physics. He studied physics at the Braunschweig University of Technology, where he received his diploma in 1969 and undertook postgraduate study at the University of Würzburg on the Galvanomagnetic Properties of Tellurium in Strong Magnetic Fields in 1972. He became a Professor at the Technical University of Munich in 1980 and has been Director at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart since 1985. His research focuses on the properties of low-dimensional electronic systems, typically in low temperatures and in high magnetic field.
Bill Phillips is an American physicist who shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven Chu and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji for their work on laser cooling, a technique to slow the movement of gaseous atoms in order to better study them. He received his physics doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in 1978, he joined NIST, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, where he has worked since. He is also a Fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute and a Professor of Physics at the University of Maryland.
Pete has spent his 37 year career in Instrumentation and Measurement at Rolls-Royce.
His first challenges were concerned with the measurements associated with Jet engine testing. He progressed into managing this activity, ultimately running a department of 50 people working in this area before broadening his accountabilities.
He is currently Head of Measurement Engineering with accountability for ensuring the creation, maintenance and improvement of all forms of measurement capability for the company world-wide.
He holds a Bachelors Degree in Applied Physics and a Masters in Gas Turbine Engineering.
He is President of the European Virtual Institute for Gas Turbine Engineering; and is active in the ASME International Gas Turbine Institute, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, and NCSLI.
He is passionate about the contribution of measurement engineering to real-world problems and a tireless advocate of professionalism in this evolving discipline.
He is married with grown up children and in his spare time is a scout leader and Engineering Ambassador.
Dr Martin is the Director of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures.
Martin joined the National Physical Laboratory from Oxford University in 1981. His earl work included being a co-inventor and pioneer of the Differential Absorption Lidar technique for range resolved remote gaseous pollutant sensing. He subsequently provided scientific leadership for the Analytical Science Team and took an internationally-leading role in the application of new physical principles to he measurement of gases in the atmosphere and establishing the comparability of gas measurements around the world.
He chaired the Gas Analysis Working Group of the Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance where he was instrumental in improving the worldwide comparability of gas standards and gas measurements worldwide and was active in standardisation of these methods through ISO.
Martin published more than 70 peer-reviewed papers is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and a Fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Martin spent 31 years at NPL, rising to be NPL Fellow and Science Leader for he Gas Metrology and Trace Analysis Group. He left NPL in October 2012, to be Deputy Director an Director Designate of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures and then Director at the beginning of 2013. This is a high profile international role which Martin undertake with aplomb combining his considerable scientific, leadership and diplomatic skills.
Martin is Honorary Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of York, UK, in recognition of his contribution to gas measurement.
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